What is Vaginal Candidiasis?

Vaginal Candidiasis is also known as yeast infection or WC. Vaginal yeast infections are caused by Candida albicans which are a fungus. This yeast which is microscopic normally lives in small numbers on the skin and inside the vagina.

Since the vagina becomes acidic the yeast does not grow. If the balance of acidity is tilted, the yeast grows and too many yeast cause vaginal yeast infection.

Elements effecting the change of acidity levels can be menstruation (period), pregnancy, diabetes, antibiotics, steroids, immune suppression, AIDS, thyroid disorders, vaginal allergies and birth control pills. Interior environment issues like moisture and irritation can also effect the change of acidity levels in the vaginal area.

What are the Symptoms of Vaginal Candidiasis?

The easiest way to tell if there is a presence of yeast infection in vagina is to go to a doctor. They can do a swab test that will be non-evasive and efficient. Before going to the doctor more than likely a person will have these uncomfortable, but not serious symptoms:

· Itching and burning in the vagina and also the skin that surrounds the vagina (vulva).

· Normally is a white discharge from the vagina that looks like a white cottage cheese texture. It can range from that to a thin clear or thin and faint yellow discharge.

· There will be pain during sexual intercourse. Normally severe dryness occurs.

· Swelling of the skin that surrounds the vagina (vulva).

· Smells like beer or bread, like yeast in the vaginal area.

What are the causes of Vaginal Candidiasis?

· Antibiotics. Antibiotics are possibly the leading cause of vaginal infections because while they kill bad bacteria in the body they also kill “good” bacteria as well. This creates unbalance in the vaginal area and causes the yeast to grow. Prevention methods for this type of cause are not known so treatment after is recommended.

· Clothing. Tight, non-cotton and dirty clothes that trap heat and moisture is the perfect environment for yeast in the vaginal area to flourish. Generally undyed, cotton underwear is best if any at all. Pantyhose are not recommended, try thigh highs instead. One change of underwear daily is recommended. Sleeping in underwear is not however if sleeping in underwear is required make sure it is a clean, unworn pair.

· Chemicals. Ink, dyes, and perfumes may cause the acidity levels of the body to change thus creating a yeast infection. They may also causes allergic reactions and have the same result. To be safe try using unscented and undyed toilet paper and laundry detergent.

· Condoms. There is a lubricant that condoms are packaged with called nonoxynol-9 that may kill the HIV virus, but has been linked to cause yeast infections. Also if there is a latex allergy present, yeast infections can occur. There are condoms without this lubricant and also new plastic condoms can help with latex allergic reactions.

· Hormones. Natural and artificially induced hormones can affect the pH balance of the body and create yeast. Pregnant women and ladies on their menstruation have more or less yeast as hormone levels fluctuate. Steroids used to treat lupus, arthritis and asthma can also affect the body and have been linked to yeast infections.

· Injury. Injury to the outer skin of the vaginal wall (vulva) or injury to the vaginal membranes can cause yeast infections. Too much friction and not enough lubrication can cause these injuries. A simple over the counter lubricant designed as a sex lubricant can help, but avoid oil-based lubricants because they break down latex and some non-oily creams contain dyes and perfumes that can cause yeast infections.

What are the treatments of Vaginal Candidiasis?

There are a couple of forms of treatment for a vaginal yeast infection:

1. Antifungal medicine in a pill form taken by mouth.

2. Antifungal medicine in a cream form that is inserting in the vagina using a special applicator.

3. Antifungal medicine in a cream form for the vulva to relieve irritation.

4. Antifungal medicine in a suppository form that is inserted in the vagina and dissolves on its own.

5. Butoconazole

6. Miconazole

7. Clotrimazole

8. Tioconazole

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